Difference between Western and Eastern Educational Thought
The Eastern philosophy tends to offer greater variety in curriculum approaches because leaders and teachers strive to teach the best way of life. Followers of Eastern philosophy strategies subscribe to following one leader or master teacher. Those master teachers provide the curriculum, approaches, and teaching standards by which students and followers can build their lives in ways to create improvement, provide strength, encourage growth, and live well. Through these various methods of education, master teachers can point followers and students toward the right path for growth and learning through the teaching of rules and right conduct (Ozmon, 2012, 102). Eastern teaching practices offer various approaches to nudging students toward right conduct.
Example of Difference
Yoga is one method of the Eastern philosophy that nudges followers and students onto the path of right conduct and right living. With challenging behavior issues of many students being important to classroom management, some teachers have chosen to teach yoga and breathing techniques. Students get overwhelmed and stressed during class time and often must learn how to release that tension and stress. Breathing exercises can be effective stress-relieving techniques and reduce problem behaviors. “Research suggests that yoga, humor, and reading are simple, effective methods to help reduce stress” (Rizzolo, 2009, 79). The learner has had experiences in the pre-k classroom with a yoga teacher who taught the students how to relax their bodies and breath comfortably. Even at the pre-k age, students get frustrated, and overwhelmed and tired from long school days. They can learn to relax, breath, train, and calm their bodies before, during, and after stressful times of the day and when something or someone aggravates them. Some teachers schedule calming moments during the school day for students to relax. They plan their daily schedules with high-energy activities followed by quiet activities followed by more energy-releasing activities. It is important that students have a balance of activities during their day and have the freedom to release tensions and relieve stressful moments.
Ozmon, H. (2012) Philosophical Foundations of Education. Boston: Pearson.
Rizzolo, D., Zipp, G., Stiskal, D., & Simpkins, S. (2009). Stress Management Strategies for Students: The Immediate Effects of Yoga, Humor, and Reading on Stress. Journal Of College Teaching & Learning, 6(8), 79-88.